500+ Toefl Exam Word List
ABANDON: To give up completely - abandoned the sinking ship.
Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsake
ABASH: To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put to shame ?abashed before
the assembled dignitaries./P>
Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discompose
Antonym: (adj.) self-possessed
ABDICATE: To give up claim to - abdicated the throne
Synonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquish
ABET: To encourage -or support - treacherously abetted the enemy.
Synonyms: spur, incite
ABRIDGE: To shorten - abridged his lengthy speech.
Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrench
Anthonyms: protract, elongate, amplify
ABROGATE: To abolish or render void - a treaty abrogated by mutual
Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, void
ABSTEMIOUS: Moderate in the use of food or drink - abstemious in his
ACADEMIC: Pertaining to school; theoretical academic interests; an
academic discussion, with no practical implications.
ACCEDE: To agree to -accede to a request.
ACCELERATE: - To quicken, speed tip - took an accelerated course in order
to graduate early.
Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious)
ACCOLADE: An award or salute - a tremendous accolade for a returning hero.
Synonyms: tribute, ovation
ACCORD: Agreement or harmony - in full accord with his view.
Synonyms: concord, concurrence
ACRIMONIOUS: Sharp or harsh in language or temper - stung by the
Synonyms:caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid; (noun) asperity
ACUMEN: Keenness of mind or insight - showing exceptional business acumen.
Synonyms:perspicacity, discernment, perception
ADMONISH (noun: ADMONITION): To warn or find fault gently - admonishing
the unruly child.
Synonyms:chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend, reproach
ADVERSARY: (adj.: ADVERSE): An opponent - his adversary in a bitter
Antonyms:cohort, confederate, ally, accomplice
ADVERSITY: Misfortune - calm in the face of adversity.
Synonyms:affliction, mischance, reverses
AESTHETIC: Pertaining to the beautiful - interested in aesthetic values
rather than in purely practical affairs.
AFFABLE: Sociable, courteous, and agreeable in manner a much admired,
Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial, urbane, cordial
Antonyms:curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surly
AFFLUENT: Prosperous, flourishing; copious - a large bequest from an
AGGRESSIVE (noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovoked attack): self-assertive;
attacking, offensive - annoyed people by his aggressive attitude;
Synonyms:bumptious, officious, obtrusive
Antonyms:meek, humble, retiring, diffident
ALACRITY: Eagerness; cheerful promptness - responded to the flattering
offer with alacrity.
Synonyms:celerity, briskness, energy, animation
Antonyms:apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness, lethargy, phlegmatism
ALIENATE: To estrange - altenated by his gruff manner.
ALLAY: To calm; to lessen in severity - at ease now that his fears have
Synonyms:appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate, mitigate, propitiate,
ALLUDE (noun: ALLUSION): To refer to indirectly - alluded quite subtly to
his friend's misfortune.
Synonyms:insinuate, intimate, imply
ALLURE: To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer - allured by the
prospect of a new job.
Synonyms:lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce, wheedle, beguile, cajole
AMBIGUOUS: Uncertain, vague, capable of being inter- in more than one way
- puzzled by the ambiguous statement.
Synonyms:hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulous
AMENABLE: Obedient; willing to submit - amenable to the suggestion.
Synonyms:tractable, docile, responsive
Antonyms:intractable, refractory, recalcitrant
AMIABLE: Good-natured; friendly - attracted friends by his amiable
ANACHRONISM: A thing placed or occurring out of its normal time - A
machine gun at the Battle of Yorktown would be an anachronism.
ANALOGY (adj.: ANALOGOUS): A relation between two things shown in the
resemblance not of the things themselves but of their characteristics- He
indicated points of analogy between the two situations.
Antonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule)
ANARCHY: State of confusion or lawlessness - a country brought to utter
anarchy by civil war.
Synonyms: chaos, pandemonium
ANIMUS: A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, even against the enemy.
Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosity
ANNALS: Historical records - in the annals of literature.
ANONYMOUS: Of unknown authorship-an anonymous publication.
ANTHOLOGY: A collection of choice literary works ?an anthology of modern
ANTITHESIS (adj.: ANTITHETICAL): Contrast; the direct opposite - His
selfish attitude seemed to me the antithesis o patriotism.
APATHY (adj.: APATHETIC): Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest -
attributed his failure to apathy, rather than lack of ability.
Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness, languor,
lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish
APPREHENSIVE (verb: APPREHEND): Fearful - Being unprepared, John is
apprehensive of the examination.
APPRISE: To inform -apprisedhis lieutenants of the new situation.
APPROBATION: Approval; praise -a plan that met with hearty approbation.
APT (noun: APTITUDE, APTNESS):
(1) Likely; inclined or disposed - apt to succeed. Synonym: prone
(2) Fit, suitable - an apt remark.
Synonyms: appropriate, felicitous
(3) Skillful, expert - apt at woodcarving.
Synonyms: deft, dextrous, adept. Antonym: inept
ARBITER: A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute - a fair
decision rendered by the arbiter.
Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator
ARCHETYPE: An original pattern - copies reproduced from the archetype.
Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica
ARID: Dry; barren - the arid desert land.
Synonyms. jejune, parched
Antonyms: arable, fertile
ARISTOCRACY: Government by the best people; a privileged class -special
privileges enjoyed by the aristocracy.
ARMISTICE: A temporary suspension of hostilities. The armistice halted
ARTFUL: Sly; crafty - attained his mean objective by artful measures.
Synonyms: cunning, wily, adroit, ingenious, guileful
Antonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artless
ARTICULATE (verb): To speak clearly or distinctly - articulated slowly so
that he could not be misunderstood.
(adj.): Capable of speech; distinct, clear ?an articulate man, always
ready to give his views.
ASCETIC: Rigorously self-denying - pursued the ascetic life of a monk.
Synonyms: austere, abstinent
Antonyms: wanton, self-indulgent
ASKANCE: With distrust - looked askance at the forged signature.
ASSEVERATE: To declare positively; to confirm - asseverated his views
Synonyms:assert, avouch, aver, avow, allege
Antonyms:gainsay, controvert, recant, rescind, abjure, disavow
ASSIDUOUS: Industrious - an assiduous worker, toiling long hours.
Synonyms:sedulous, attentive, diligent, indefatigable
ASYLUM: A place offering shelter and retreat -found asylum from
ATHEIST: One who denies that God exists - The atheist declared, "There is
Synonyms:infidel, agnostic, skeptic
ATTRIBUTE (verb): Assign -attributed his success to bard work.
(noun): An inherent quality -Generosity was his outstanding attribute.
AUGMENT: To increase or enlarge - an army augmented by numerous
Synonyms: enhance, amplify - Antonyms: abate, curtail
AUSPICIOUS: Indicating a happy outcome - The prospect for this project
AUTHENTIC: Genuine -proved to be an authentic document.
Synonyms:veritable, bona fide
Antonyms;apocryphal, counterfeit, spurious, bogus
AUTOCRATIC: Despotic - feared by the masses as an autocratic ruler.
AVARICE: Excessive greed - a fortune accumulated by avarice and
Synonyms:covetousness, cupidity, avidity
AWRY: Unsymmetrical; not straight - the picture, hanging awry on the wall.
BANAL: Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor-bored by his banal
Synonyms:commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite, stereotyped, vapid
Antonyms:racy, original, vivid
BANEFUL (noun: BANE: poison; source of harm): Destructive, poisonous - a
baneful effect, causing serious injury.
Synonyms: deleterious, pernicious, virulent, noxious, toxic
BANTER: Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The two wits I exchanged banter,
to the amusement of the audience.
BATON: A stick or staff - The conductor wielded his baton gracefully.
BELIE: To give a false idea of - His gracious manner belled his. evil
BELLICOSE; Inclined to quarrel; warlike - His bellicose attitude often
got John into fights.
Synonyms: pugnacious, contentious, disputatious
Antonyms: pacific, conciliatory
BELLIGERENT: Engaged in war - two belligerent nations warring fiercely.
BENEVOLENT: Kindly; charitable - like a benevolent monarch, bestowing
Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimous
Antonyms: malevolent, malignant
BEREAVE: To deprive or leave desolate by loss - a widow just bereaved of
BESMIRCH: To soil or dirty - besmirched his opponent's good name with
Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatter
BIASED: Prejudiced - misled by a biased point of view.
Synonyms:bigoted, arbitrary, partial, partisan
BIBLIOPHILE: A lover of books - The bibliophile fingered the old book
BIZARRE: Queer; unusual in appearance- bizarre clothes, outlandish in the
Synonyms:odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric
BLAND: Gentle; polite; agreeable - a bland diet, without irritating foods.
Synonyms: mild, suave (affable or persuasive in manner), soothing,
Antonyms: piquant, tart, racy, caustic, acrid, pungent
BLANDISHMENT: A flattering speech or act - attracted people by his
BLEMISH (verb): To scar or spoil - Bad associates blemished his character
(noun): A disfigurement, defect - a character without a blemish.
BLIGHT: To ruin or decay - the rotting wheat-, blighted by incessant rain.
BLITHE: Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood - spread cheer with her
Synonyms: jocund, merry, joyous
Antonyms: dejected, forlorn, abject
BOG: A swamp - sank into the spongy bog.
Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire
BOMBASTIC (noun: BOMBAST): High-sounding; pretentious in language - a
bombastic speech, inflated with meaningless high-flown words.
Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustian
BOORISH: Unrefined in speech or manners - exhibited the boorish manners
of a backwoodsman.
Synonyms:churlish, uncouth. uncultured, crass
BUCOLIC: Pertaining to the country - a bucolic poem de- the joys of the
Synonyms:pastoral, rustic, rural
BUFFOON: A clown - acting like a buffoon, full of ludicrous tricks.
An embankment used as a fortification - a lofty bulwark for defense.
A person, idea, or object serving as a protection - acted as a bulwark
in the fight against crime.
BUMPTIOUS: Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive - a bumptious monitor,
puffed up with his own importance,
Synonyms: aggressive, arrogant, contumelious, overbearing
CABAL: A small group of persons engaged in plotting - a cabal of
prominent persons united to overthrow the government.
Synonyms: junto, faction
CACOPHONOUS: Unharmonious sounding - a cacophonous blare of trumpets,
noisy and discordant.
Synonyms: dissonant, discordant, blatant, strident, raucous Antonyms:
mellifluous, euphonious, dulcet
CADAVEROUS: Corpselike; hence, haggard, pale -His face appeared
cadaverous from long imprisonment.
Synonyms: ghastly, gaunt, pallid (noun: pallor), wan, ashen
Antonyms: rubicund, florid
CALLOUS: Unfeeling or insensitive - made callous by long suffering.
Synonyms: insensible, obdurate
CALUMNIATE: To accuse falsely or maliciously in order to injure another's
reputation; slander - calumniated his political opponent by spreading
Synonyms: asperse, vilify, defame, scandalize
CANDID (noun: CANDOR): Frank, outspoken; impartial a candid reply that
could hardly be more forthright.
Synonyms: artless, ingenuous, unbiased
Antonyms: guileful, evasive
CANTANKEROUS: Ill-natured; quarrelsome ?showed a cantankerous and sullen
Synonyms:petulant, peevish, contentious, pugnacious, testy, choleric,
Antonyms:amiable, affable, equable
CAPRICIOUS: Inclined, through some whim or fancy change the mind,
purpose, or actions suddenly - a capricious person, undependable in mood
Synonyms:fickle, fitful, changeable, erratic, inconstant, crotchety,
Antonyms:steadfast, constant, even-tempered
CAPTIOUS: Quick to find fault about trifles- a captious critic pouncing
on slight laws.
Synonyms:hypercritical, carping, carviling, censorious
CARICATURE: A picture or other description of a person which exaggerates
ludicrously one or more of his distinctive features - not a realistic
portrait but a malicious caricature.
CASTIGATE: To punish or criticize severely - castigated for using
Synonyms:reprove, upbraid, reprehend, censure, reprimand, chasten
Antonyms:commend, eulogize, laud
CELESTIAL: Pertaining to the sky; heavenly-a celestial pageant of bright
Synonyms:ethereal; (noun) firmament
CHAUVINIST. An extreme patriot-a chauvinist with most pride in his
CHICANERY: Trickery, deception,- practised chicanery all his shady
Synonyms:duplicity, craft, stratagem, wile, subterfuge
CHRONIC: Continuing a long time; habitual-a. chronic complaint,
persisting for years.
Synonyms:persistent, unremitting, inveterate, incessant, constant
Antonyms:intermittent, sporadic, infrequent
CIRCUMSPECT: Cautious - looked about him circumspectly.
Synonyms:prudent, vigilant, discreet, wary
Antonyms:rash, indiscreet, reckless, precipitate, foothardy, temerarious,
CIRCUMVENT: To gain an advantage by the use of trick to evade by the use
of deception; to go around - circumvented the law by evasive practices.
Synonyms:thwart, balk, outwit, delude
Of or having to do with citizens or the state - We I civil duties as
well as civil liberties.
Polite, courteous - answered in a civil fashion.
Synonyms: respectful, gracious
CLAMOROUS: Loud and noisy - a clamorous outburst the crowd outside.
Synonyms: vociferous, obstreperous, blatant, raucous, strident
Antonyms: muted, quiet
CLANDESTINE: Secret; stealthy - a clandestine meeting known only to a few.
Synonyms: furtive, covert, surreptitious
Antonyms: overt, manifest, above-board
CLEMENT: Merciful; gentle - a clement judge who tempered justice with
Synonyms: compassionate, forbearing
Antonyms: relentless, ruthless
COALITION (verb: COALESCE): Alliance; merging of various units into one
unit - three parties forming a coalition to rule the country.
Synonyms: amalgamation, consolidation, fusion
COERCION: Compelling a person by physical force or other means to do
something against his will - rendered his services without the slightest
Synonyms: constraint, restraint, impelling
COGENT: Having the force to compel, usually by appealing to reason -
persuaded by cogent arguments.
COLLUSION: Working together secretly for an evil purpose - acted in
collusion to overthrow the government.
Synonyms: collaboration, conspiracy, conniving, machination
COMMODIOUS: Roomy - a commodious apartment.
Synonyms: spacious, capacious, ample
COMPATIBLE: Harmonious; able, to get along together parted company
because they were not compatible.
Synonyms: congruous, consistent
Antonyms: incongruous, discordant, incompatible
COMPENDIUM (adj.: COMPENDIOUS): A brief summary of the main ideas of a
larger work - a compendium of chemistry in a slim volume.
Synonyms: synopsis, digest, precis, abstract, epitome
COMPENSATION: Payment for services - just compensation for his labor.
Synonyms: stipend, remuneration, recompense, emolument
COMPLACENT: Self-satisfied - looked on his own performance with a
COMPUNCTION: Regret for wrongdoing - displayed slight compunction for his
Synonyms: contrition, penitence, atonement, remorse, qualm
CONCEDE: To yield; to admit as true; to grant - conceded victory to a
Synonyms: acquiesce, capitulate
CONDIGN: Well-deserved (applied chiefly to punishment) - received condign
punishment for his crime.
CONDOLE (noun: CONDOLENCE): To express sympathy with another in sorrow,
pain, or misfortune - condoled with each other in their grief.
Synonyms: commiserate, show compassion, solace
CONDONE: To forgive or overlook (an offense) - condoned the deed, in view
of the offender's age.
Synonyms: extenuate, palliate, mitigate, gloss
CONFEDERATE (noun): A person allied with others for a special purpose
(frequently a bad one) - joined his confederate in secret enterprise.
Synonyms: collaborator, accomplice
(adj.): United or allied in a conspiracy - two confederate groups hurrying
to their rendezvous.
(1) Possessing similar interests and tastes; able to get on well with
others - congenial people with similar backgrounds.
(2) Agreeable - congenial to his taste.
CONJECTURE: To guess - Without facts, we can only conjecture about his
Synonyms: surmise, presume
(1) To set apart as sacred - consecrate the battlefield with a monument to
the dead heroes. Synonyms: hallow, sanctify Antonym: desecrate
(2) To devote or dedicate to some aim - consecrated his life to teaching.
CONSENSUS. General agreement - The consensus of the committee was that no
action should be taken.
CONSTERNATION: Amazement; lack of courage caused by fearful prospect -
The threat struck deep consternation into John.
Synonyms: dismay, bewilderment
CONSTRUE (noun: CONSTRUCTION): To interpret, explain the sense of, or
analyze - construed the statement to his own advantage.
CONSUMMATE (adj.): Perfect or highly accomplished - achieved with
Antonyms: botched. bungled, inept
(verb): To complete, bring to perfection - consummated the deal without
CONTEMPTUOUS: Expressive of contempt (an emotion involving anger and
disgust) - cast a contemptuous look at his subordinate.
Synonyms: supercilious, scornful, disdainful, contumelious
CONVIVIAL: Festive; gay - a convivial party.
Synonyms: jovial, jocund, mirthful
Antonyms: lugubrious, dolorous, mirthless
COPIOUS: Plentiful - shed copious tears at the bad news.
Synonyms. profuse, bountiful, abundant
Antonyms: meager, scant
CORPULENT: Fat - corpulent due to excessive eating.
Synonyms: obese, portly
Antonyms: gaunt, lank, emaciated, peaked
COSMOPOLITAN (noun): One who is at home in all countries - A cosmopolitan
can feel at ease anywhere in the world.
(adj.): Free from local prejudices - a world-wide traveler, cosmopolitan
in tastes and attitudes.
Antonyms: parochial, provincial
COTERIE: A group of people joined by common interests a coterie of select
COUNTENANCE (noun): A face - His countenance expressed his complete
(verb): To approve - refused to countenance disrespectful conduct.
CRASS: Coarse and stupid - displayed crass ignorance.
CRAVEN (noun): Coward - the deed of a craven, motivated by fear.
(adj.): Cowardly - a craven act which shocked the world.
Synonyms: pusillanimous, dastardly.
Antonyms: stalwart, intrepid, valiant, stout-hearted
CREDENCE: Trust or belief - gave little credence to the rumor.
CREDIBLE: Worthy of belief - a credible story, true to life.
CREDITABLE: Deserving or reflecting Credit or honor - applauded for his
Synonyms: praiseworthy, meritorious, commendable
Antonyms: discreditable, infamous, opprobrious, ignominious
CREDULOUS: Inclined to believe anything; easily imposed upon - a
credulous fool whom anyone can dupe.
Antonyms: incredulous, skeptical
CRINGE: To shrink in fear - cringing before superior force.
Synonyms, cower, flinch, fawn, truckle, wince
CRUCIAL: Decisive or critical; difficult - the crucial event that decided
CRYPTIC: Containing hidden meaning - a cryptic message, difficult to
Synonyms: occult, enigmatic
Antonyms: palpable, manifest
CULPABLE: Deserving blame or censure - removed from office for culpable
Synonyms: censurable, reprehensible
CUMBROUS: Burdensome and clumsy - a cumbrous knapsack, impeding his march.
Synonyms: cumbersome, unwieldy, bulk
CURB: To control, check, or restrain - forcibly curbed the people's
Synonyms: repress, subdue
CURSORY: Hurried; hence, superficial - Time permitted only a cursory
Antonyms: painstaking, meticulous
CURT: Rudely abrupt -offended by the curt response.
Synonyms: blunt, brusque, bluff
Antonyms: affable, civil
CYNICAL: Sneeringly distrustful of the good motives or conduct of others
- belittled the hero with a cynical remark.
Synonyms: sarcastic, surly
DEARTH: Scarcity - a dearth of news, brought about by censorship.
Antonyms: plethora, abundance
DEFERENCE: Submitting to the wishes or judgment of another - yielded out
of deference to the old man.
Synonyms: respect, complaisance, veneration
DEITY: A god -The sun was a deity to ancient peoples.
DELECTABLE: Very pleasing - a delectable meal, tastefully prepared.
DELETE: To erase or cancel, take out or remove - deletedan offensive
Synonyms: expunge, censor, efface, eradicate
DELINEATE: To sketch or portray - striking features, delineated by a
DELINQUENT (noun): An offender - found to be a delinquent by the court.
(adj.): Failing to fulfill an obligation - too many people who are
delinquent in meeting their civic duties.
DELUGE: A great flood; downpour - a spring deluge which caused the river
DEMAGOGUE: A leader who tries to stir the passions of people for his own
purposes - the mob roused by an unprincipled demagogue.
DEMEANOR: Behavior; bearing - carrying himself with a proud demeanor.
Synonyms: deportment, mien
DEMURE: Affectedly or falsely modest or prim; serious demure as a
Synonyms: sedate, staid, decorous, prudish, coy
Antonyms: immodest, frivolous
DENOUNCE (noun: DENUNCIATION): To speak against - denounced by the press
as a traitor.
Synonyms: stigmatize, censure, reprehend, castigate
Antonyms: laud, eulogize
DEPLETE: To empty or to use up - depleted the public treasury by vast
Synonyms: exhaust, drain
Antonyms: replenish; (adj.) replete
DEPLORE: To express sorrow or grief over - a lamentable situation
deplored by all parties.
Synonyms: lament, decry, grieve
DEPRAVED: Of low morals; corrupt - a depraved mind, devising evil.
Synonyms: debased, wicked, vicious, perverted
DEPRECATE: To plead or argue against a certain course of action -
deprecated the proposal severely.
Synonyms: remonstrate, protest, decry, expostulate
DEPRECIATE: To belittle or speak slightingly of - depreciated John's
Synonyms: disparage, derogate (adj. derogatory)
Antonyms: enhance, magnify, extol, laud, eulogize
DEVASTATION: Widespread ruin - the city left in utter devastation by war.
Synonyms: destruction, desolation
(1) Winding; indirect - took a devious, rather than the direct way home.
(2) Straying from the right course - used devious means to attain his
Synonyms: crooked, erring
DEVOID: Lacking in; not possessing - a speech devoid of even a trace of
Antonyms: abounding, prevalent
DEVOUT: Devoted to religious observances - devout in his regularity of
attendance at worship.
Synonyms: pious, religious
DICTUM: Art authoritative statement; a saying-an imperial dictum
demanding instant compliance.
DIDACTIC: Designed to teach, imparting a lesson - a poem with a didactic
DIFFIDENT: Lacking in self-confidence- too diffident to lead a group.
Synonyms: shy, timid, reserved, reticent, retiring
Antonyms: forward, aggressive
DILEMMA: A situation calling for a choice between two equally difficult
alternatives; hence, a difficult or perplexing situation - faced with a
dilemma defying solution.
Synonyms:predicament, quandary, plight
DILETTANTE: One who dabbles in the fine arts for amusement only and
without concentrated study - a doctor by profession, a dilettante in art.
DISCONCERT: To confuse; to embarrass - disconcerted by his suspicious
Synonyms:perturb, discomfit, discompose, abash, disquiet, fluster
DISCONSOLATE: Depressed; without hope or possibility of consolation -
made disconsolate by abject poverty.
DISCOURSE: To converse or talk; to discuss - discoursed at length on the
rise of political parties.
DISCRETE: Separate - two discrete issues, totally unrelated.
DISCURSIVE: Rambling from one subject to another - a discursive letter,
covering many topics.
DISPARITY (adj.: DISPARATE): Inequality; difference in image, quantity,
character, or rank - great disparity between promise and performance.
DISPASSIONATE: Free from feeling or partiality - coldly dispassionate as
the chairman of the meeting
DISPATCH (verb): To do speedily; to send off - dispatched with remarkable
(noun): A speedy performance; the sending off of something - done with all
Synonyms: celerity, alacrity
DISPEL: To drive away; to scatter - dispelled a doubt that had lingered.
Synonyms:dissipate, disperse, diffuse
DISSENT (noun: DISSENSION): To disagree; to differ in opinion - He
dissented violently, rejecting compromise.
DISSOLUTE: Living loosely; unrestrained in conduct or morals - his life
wasted by dissolute conduct.
Synonyms:debauched, dissipated, profligate
DISTRAUGHT: Mentally distressed; distracted - distraught by trials and
DIVERSE: (verb: DIVERSIFY; noun: DIVISIBILITY): Varied; different - two
diverse characters; one candid, the other insincere.
DIVERTING: Entertaining - a diverting one of the most amusing I've ever
DIVULGE: To make public or reveal - refused to divulge his source of
Synonyms: disclose, impart
DOGMATIC: Positive in expressing an opinion; asserting an opinion as
though it were an undisputed fact - spoken dogmatically, as if the speaker
considered himself infallible.
Synonyms: overbearing, opinionated, peremptory, dictatorial
DOLOROUS: Sorrowful; mournful - a dolorous song full of sorrow for past
Synonyms: doleful, lugubrious, grievous
Antonyms: jocund, blithe, mirthful
DYNAMIC: Forceful - possessed dynamic energy, tireless and powerful.
Antonyms: static, inert, dormant, torpid, sluggish, quiescent
ECCLESIASTIC (adj.): Pertaining to the clergy or the church - recognized
as an authority in ecclesiastic matters. Antonyms: secular, lay
(noun): A clergyman - an ecclesiastic of liberal views.
EDICT: A public command or proclamation issued by an authority -
proclaimed by royal edict.
EDIFY: To instruct or uplift, particularly in morals or religion - a
story that edifiesthe reader, as well as entertains him
EFFETE: No longer productive; hence, lacking in or, worn out - powerful
in ancient days, now an effete civilization.
EGOTISTIC: Conceited - an egotisticperson, flourishing on praise.
Synonyms: egocentric, vain
EGREGIOUS: Outstandingly bad an egregiousmistake with serious
EJACULATE: To exclaim or utter suddenly - ejaculateda cry of horror.
ELICIT: To draw out - elicitedno response from the audience.
Synonyms: evoke, extract, extort
ELUCIDATE: To make clear; to explain - elucidatedhis theory so that even
a schoolboy could understand it.
EMISSARY: A person sent on an errand or mission - delegated his emissary
to conclude a pact.
ENGENDER: To cause, produce, or stir up-an act that engenderedgood will.
ENNUI: Boredom; weariness of mind-fell asleep at the meeting from sheer
ENSUE: To follow or result-Silence ensuedwhen the leader arose to speak.
ENTREAT: To beg earnestly - entreatedthe judge to show mercy.
Synonyms: solicit, supplicate, beseech, implore, importune;
(adj.) importunate, mendicant, suppliant
EPHEMERAL: Very short-lived - an ephemeraljoy, lasting but a day.
Synonyms: fleeting, transitory, transient, evanescent
EPICUREAN (noun): A person devoted to luxurious living and pleasure - an
epicurean, seeking to enjoy every meal.
(adj.): Pleasure-loving - His entire existence demonstrated his
EPIGRAM: A brief pointed saying - a speech full of original epigrams.
Synonyms: maxim proverb, adage
EPITAPH: A tombstone inscription - an epitaphengraved on marble.
EPITHET: A phrase that describes a quality (good or bad) in a person or
thing - "Glaring" error is a commonly used epithet.
Synonyms: characterization , appellation
EQUANIMITY (adj.: EQUABLE): Evenness of temper or mind - suffered his
cruel fate with equanimity.
Synonyms: serenity, composure, imperturbability, aplomb
ERR (noun: ERRATUM): To be mistaken or go astray - To err is human, to
Synonyms: stray, blunder
ERRATIC: Irresponsible, eccentric; lacking a fixed purpose erratic
behavior, reflecting his queer ideas.
ERUDITE: Learned - an erudite person, an editor of many books.
Synonyms: scholarly , knowing
ESOTERIC: Understood by only a select few - an esoteric subject,
discussed only by scholars.
Synonyms: abstruse, recondite
EXCEPTIONABLE: Objectionable - exceptionable behavior, universally
Synonyms: questionable, reprehensible, censurable
EXCULPATE: To free from blame - exculpated by a jury.
Synonyms: vindicate, exonerate, absolve, acquit
Antonyms: arraign, indict, inculpate
EXEMPLARY (noun: EXEMPLAR): Serving as a model; commendable - exemplary
conduct approved by all.
Synonyms: illustrative, typical; praiseworthy, laudable
EXODUS: Departure, emigration - the pathetic exodus of refugees from
EXOTIC: Strange and foreign - an exotic costume imported from Asia.
EXPATIATE: To speak or write at great length - He expatiated on the
subject for two hours.
EXPATRIATE (verb): To banish or exile; to withdraw from one's country -
expatriated for treachery to his country.
(noun): An expatriated person - expatriates who left the United States to
live in Paris.
EXPEDIENT (adj.): Convenient in helping to attain some purpose - found it
expedient to maintain silence at that moment.
Synonyms: opportune, seasonable
(noun): A means to accomplish something - tried all expedients to achieve
a quick result.
EXPLOIT (verb): To use for one's selfish purpose ?refugees exploited by
(noun): A brilliant deed - lauded for his exploits in science.
EXPOUND (noun: EXPOSITION): To set forth in detail; to explain -
expounded his theory in a learned article.
EXPURGATE: To purify (usually a piece of writing) of offensive material -
expurgate all obscenities before the book could be sold.
Synonyms: purge, delete
EXTEMPORANEOUS: Done or spoken on the spur of the moment or without
preparation - an extemporaneous speech.
Synonyms: impromptu, offhand
EXTINCT: No longer existing or active - the extinct dinosaur, alive only
EXTIRPATE: To root out, destroy totally - extirpated the cause of trouble.
Synonyms: eradicate, exterminate, efface, obliterate
EXTRANEOUS. Not essential; foreign; irrelevant - excluded material
extraneous to the subject.
Synonyms: extrinsic, adventitious
Antonyms: germane, intrinsic, inherent, relevant, pertinent
EXULTATION: Great rejoicing - received the good news with exultation.
FACADE: Front or face, especially of a building - a facade of marble.
FACETIOUS: Given to joking or inappropriate gaiety; said in fun -
brightened the evening with his facetious remarks.
Synonyms: jocose, droll, flippant, frivolous
Antonyms: solemn, grave, saturnine
FALLACIOUS (noun: FALLACY): Unsound; misleading; deceptive - led astray
by fallacious reasoning and plans.
FALLIBLE: Liable to make mistakes or be deceived - Being human, Tom was
Antonyms: infallible, unerring
FATHOM: To penetrate and understand - difficult to fathom his mysterious
FATUOUS: Foolish; silly - a fatuous suggestion that struck us as stupid.
Synonyms: inane, vacuous, puerile
Antonyms: judicious, sagacious, sage
FEALTY: Faithfulness - The soldiers were pledged to fealty to their ruler.
Synonyms: allegiance, constancy, fidelity
Antonyms: disloyalty; infidelity, treachery
FEASIBLE: Workable - a feasible plan, proved practical by - previous
245 FEIGN (noun: FEINT): To pretend - He feigned to be angry, but we saw
through his pretense.
Synonyms: dissemble, sham, dissimulate, affect
FELICITY (adj.: FELICITOUS):
(1) A state of happiness - promoted felicity in the nation.
(2) A high ability - lie has a felicity of language, mastery of the
FERVID: Spirited; ardent - a fervid debater, full of emotion.
Synonyms: perfervid, impassioned, zealous, fervent, vehement
FESTOON (noun): A garland of flowers, leaves, etc. hung between two
points - the room bright with festoons of Thanksgiving decorations.
(verb): To hang with festoons - a room festooned with spring flowers.
(1) Something that is believed to have magical powers - savages
worshipping the fetish in a ceremonial dance.
Synonym: charm, talisman, amulet
(2) An object of unreasoning devotion and worship ?Photography, begun as
a hobby, became a fetish.
FIASCO: A ludicrous and complete failure - all his glorious plans ending
in a fiasco.
FICTITIOUS: Unreal; made-up - used a fictitious name to avoid being
FLACCID: Lacking firmness - muscles grown flaccid after the illness.
Synonyms: flabby, limp
FLAGRANT: Outstandingly bad - condemned for his flagrant abuse of power.
Synonyms: glaring, scandalous, notorious, conspicuous, gross
FLAMBOYANT: Elaborately showy - written in a flamboyant, style, full of
highly decorative imagery.
Synonyms: florid, ornate, resplendent, embellished, garish, gaudy,
FLAUNT: Display or wave boastfully - flaunted the excellent report before
his delighted parents.
FLEETING: Passing swiftly -the fleeting hours of happiness
Synonyms: transitory, fugitive
FLUCTUATE: To waver from one course to another; to vary irregularly - his
mood fluctuating with every hour.
Synonyms: oscillate, vacillate, undulate, sway
FORBEAR (noun: FORBEARANCE): To exercise self control; to keep from -
forbearing to shoot the animal despite temptation.
Synonyms: restrain, abstain
FORENSIC: Pertaining to public discussion or law courts - a lawyer gifted
in forensic debate.
Synonyms: rhetorical, oratorical
FORTUITOUS: Accidental - a fortuitous meeting with a friend in need.
Synonyms: casual, incidental, adventitious, random
FRACAS: A disorderly quarrel - A fracas broke up the meeting.
Synonyms: brawl, altercation, fray, wrangle, imbroglio
FRUSTRATE: To prevent (the attainment of an object); to defeat or render
ineffectual - His scholastic progress was frustrated by a serious illness.
Synonyms: balk, thwart, foil, baffle, obstruct, discomfit