中高級全民英檢寫作 (Guided Writing) 二 ~
Write an essay of 150-180 words in an appropriate style according to the following main topic.
Write your answer on the Writing Test Answer Sheet.
The bar graph below shows the number of traffic accidents which occurred on a particular day in 1999 in Taipei . Write an essay of 150-180 words according to the following instructions:
1. Summarize the information shown in the graph below.
2. Discuss some possible reasons for the different numbers of accidents.
3. Suggest some ways in which the number of accidents might be reduced.
According to this graph, less than twenty motor accidents per four hours occur between the intervals of 2:00 AM to 6:00 AM and 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM. At all other intervals more than thirty accidents occur per four hours. The major reason for this phenomenon is the number of drivers on the road. When there are more drivers on the road the probability that an accident will occur also increases. From the hours of 2:00 AM to 6:00 AM most people are asleep, and therefore there are less accidents. From the hours of 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM many motorists are at work or at school so there are less accidents.
However, the rate of accident occurrence is not only connected to the amount of motorists at a given time. It is also connected to visibility. The accident rate from the time intervals 6:00 AM to 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM to 6:00 PM is less than the intervals 6:00 PM to 10:00 PM and 10:00 PM to 2:00 AM. This has to do with visibility.
Since the government cannot directly control the number of motorists on the street, the only way to reduce the number of accidents is to increase the amount of lighting on streets at night. This includes adding more street lamps and requiring all motorists to use their headlights. By improving visibility, accidents will occur at night with less frequency.
The number of accidents is directly proportional to the number of vehicles on the street at a given time and visibility. However, at present the city government of Taipei is not able to directly control the number of drivers. The only factor which the government can control is visibility. Consequently, to reduce the number of accidents, the city government of Taipei should first add more lighting to the city streets.